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Understanding the Threats and the Safety Standards of American Oil & Gas Industry

Oil and Gas Email List

By Clara Lincy | Infographics | 0 Comments

The production of oil and gas in the US started in the 1850s and 1820s respectively. The industry comprises companies who are engaged in the exploration, production, refining, transportation, marketing and distribution of oil worldwide.

Oil and Gas Industry

 

*Did You Know?*

As of 2017, the US has world’s ninth-largest oil reserve and fifth natural gas reserve.

The Hazardous Existence –

According to the American Petroleum Institute (API), the oil and gas industry in the US employs nine million workers.

Workers from the industry are more prone to occupational hazards than any other sector.

Despite appropriate steps taken by many companies, the occurrence of accidents, severe injuries and fatalities are alarming.

*Did You Know?*

Even with proper safeguards and safety measures, the fatality rate was7x higher from 2003-2010, reports the CDC.

Biggest Dangers Threatening Oil and Gas Workers:

  • Misuse of machinery and equipment
  • Toxic and flammable chemicals
  • Falls, trips, and slips
  • Collision
  • Recklessness and negligence
  • Lack of proper personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Human error and miscommunication
  • Poor work culture and awareness

Events Responsible for Most Fatalities in the US Oil and Gas Industry

Fires/Explosions: 170 deaths

Transportation: 479 deaths

Exposure to harmful environments: 105 deaths

Contact injuries: 308 deaths

Falls: 97 deaths

Other: 30 deaths

*Did You Know?*

Out of 10 fatalities in the oil and gas industry, four are caused due to highway vehicle accidents.

Workplace Safety Signs that Can Prevent

The three main types of safety signs mandated by OSHA that are important for ensuring workplace safety are:

DANGER—

A sign used in areas such as shock hazards, confined space, hydrogen sulfide exposure, etc. to warn workers of an impending threat to their life or injury.

CAUTION—

A sign used in the highly flammable storage area, on moving vehicle in the site, high-pressure valves, etc. to alarm workers about taking necessary precaution.

Safety Instructions—

Indicates and defines clearly about the procedures been undertaken on the job site and steps to ensure safe functioning.

Steps Taken by the Government to Prevent Serious Incidents

As an aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster, two independent agencies came into existence to oversee offshore energy management and enforcement of regulations:

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE):

It was designed to implement safety and environmental protection regulations on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf (OCS).

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM):

It was formed to implement offshore renewable energy-related management activities and development on the OCS.

*Did You Know?*

In 2010, SEMS (Safety and Environmental Management Systems) came into existence as a law to promote safety culture in the offshore industry.

OSHA – Regulation that Assures a Safe and Healthful Workplace

The Occupational Safety and Health Act that came into use in 1970 ensures that an employer provides a healthy and secure working environment for the workforce working amidst dangerous and hazardous work environment.

The law enforces protective workplace safety and health standards. It also provides training, education, and assistance to felicitate danger free working conditions to employees.

OSHA gives workers the right to:

  • Be informed about hazards and get training on how to prevent them
  • Get their medical records
  • Be trained in the language they understand
  • Evaluate records of injuries and illness related to their work
  • Ask for test results detecting hazard in the workplace
  • Appeal to OSHA for workplace inspection